Did you know, that within the pig field, notifiable diseases are those infectious diseases, generally not present within the national population on a day-to-day basis, which either national or EU authorities regard as undesirable for a range of reasons such as animal health and welfare, the macroeconomic position, national and international trade or human health.
Should they arise or be suspected, then they must be notified to the APHA – the animal health division of DEFRA – whereupon restrictions will be placed on the holding and possibly wider afield, with a view to controlling or eradicating the disease.
Export of animals and food produced from them is restricted. The major pig diseases that fall into this requirement are listed below, but the authorities have the right under the Animal Health Act 1981 to add diseases to this list – as indeed was done temporarily in 1991 with Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome (PRRS or Blue Eared Pig Disease).
|Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD)||2007|
|Classical Swine Fever (CSF)||2000|
|African Swine Fever (ASF)||Never|
|Swine Vesicular Disease (SVD)||1982|
|Aujeszky’s Disease (AD or Pseudorabies)||1989|
|Porcine Epidemic Diarrhoea (PED)||Early 1990’s|